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Boston Lays Claim to Title Town

Fans thronged Boylston Street during a duck boat parade to celebrate the Boston Red Sox victory in the World Series in 2013. (BU News Service/Dana Hatic)

By John Simonini

One Stanley Cup. One NBA Championship. Three World Series rings. Three Super Bowl banners. Welcome to Title Town, USA.

Boston sports teams have had tremendous success over the past 15 years. The level of expectation the city has cast upon the teams has drastically increased since 2000, as the teams have found success.

The New England Patriots had some playoff success in the 1990’s, making it to the Super Bowl in 1997, but the team had never before won a Super Bowl. Nobody expected the Patriots to win the big one.

The Pats were the first to kick off the local title explosion in 2001, under star quarterback Drew Bledsoe’s successor: Tom Brady.

“We only have had two quarterbacks, Bledsoe and Brady, one owner, three head coaches, all three have won Super Bowl Championships,” said Stacey James, vice president of Media Relations for the Pats.

Before the Pats began a run of three Super Bowl titles in four years, the last Boston title was won in 1986 by the Boston Celtics.

The Celtics were going through a period of mediocrity at the turn of the century. With nothing but a young Paul Pierce and Antoine Walker, the team made a few playoff appearances, but never managed to find complete success.

The Celtics finally answered their championship calling in 2008, when they traded for Ray Allen and Kevin Garnett to pair up with Pierce, creating a new Big Three. The C’s coasted to the NBA Championship after a dominant season.

Even as the team enters a re-building stage, the high bar of expectations set by their predecessors is still looming. The Celtics selected Oklahoma St. point guard Marcus Smart with the sixth pick in the 2014 draft.

The TD Banknorth Garden’s other club, the Boston Bruins, also found themselves in a championship drought, having not won a Stanley Cup since the 70’s.

In the early 2000’s, the Bruins, much like the Celtics and Pats, managed to just scrape themselves into the playoffs but kept hitting a ceiling.

In 2011, 39 years after their last title, the Bruins brought the Cup back to Boston.
Now, the Bruins are annually one of the top teams in the NHL, led by top-tier goalie Tuuka Rask, skilled forward Patrice Bergeron, and defensive behemoth Zdeno Chara.

The Boston Red Sox had possibly the worst history of all Boston teams. They would manage to squeeze into the playoffs occasionally, but once again, no championships. Fans would anticipate the team falling apart year after year.

That all changed in 2004, when the team came back from 3-0 in the American League Championship Series against the New York Yankees and went on to sweep in the World Series, launching the Sox into a period of success. The team ended an 86 year title drought, and established themselves as a championship regular.

They would win in 2004, 2007 and 2013. In 2013, the club seemed to rally around the city and help to heal wounds that were opened by the Boston Marathon Bombing earlier in the year.

This city has high hopes and expectations from all four teams. The development of the teams in this millennium is refreshing for the city of Boston.

Editorial: Teens Reflect on Development

editorial-cartoon

By the Editorial Staff

Our generation — current and upcoming college students — will soon become productive, working members of the City of Boston. The numbers say it all: according to studyboston.com, college students, an estimated 250,000 people, comprise 40% of the city’s population.

In order to thrive in this rapidly transforming, high-priced metropolis, we need to be fully aware of the development occurring around us. Rises in the cost of education, the cost of transportation, and the cost of living itself threaten to overwhelm the average citizen.

The Endeavor seeks to explore Boston’s dynamic development, wrapped around the crucial question: Is the city headed in the right direction? Specifically, what strides are the Walsh administration making in areas such as student housing, access to technology and job markets, and transportation?

Our team — a group of 17 aspiring high school journalists — have done extensive research on key advancements throughout Boston. Along the way, we have received critical support from mentors, accomplished writers, and esteemed officials, who have provided us with invaluable insight as we move forward.

While opinions vary, one message is clear: the Menino years have brought Boston to new heights, but the city must continue to reach higher. Maintaining Boston’s cultural roots is a priority, but that does not imply conservatism — for instance, Boston’s elected officials need to be progressive in closing the achievement gap in schools and in ensuring the quality of housing for all.

In The Endeavor, we take an in-depth look at Boston’s progress so far, on highly relevant topics such as maintenance of the Boston harbor, marriage equality, gentrification, preserving historical landmarks, and healthy living.

To be sure, achieving a full grasp of Boston’s changing environment can be a real challenge, but in effect there is no replacement for cultural and social awareness in a vibrant hub such as ours. If nothing else, our newspaper hopes to create a sense of awareness among our readers, specifically teens and young adults.

Who’s Behind the Screen?

Spying-by-Ferlis-Tejeda

By Mabel Tejeda-Gonzalez

A recent Supreme Court decision restricting the ability of police to search people’s cell phones without a warrant is a major victory for those who think the government has too much power to look into people’s private lives.

But it is only part of a much bigger battle over privacy rights – allowing the government and private businesses to search your internet browser history and social media postings – and whether whistleblowers like Edward Snowden are doing a public service when they share government secrets.

“The government says that they need to be collecting information about Americans… and yet not once have any of its programs resulted in any benefit to our national security or to our public safety,” said Kade Crockford, director of the technology of Liberty Project at the American Civil Liberties Union of Massachusetts.

The federal government keeps track of some people using cameras, laptops, GPS’ internet browsing history, social media, and emails.

“It makes people afraid to engage in political speech and to criticize the government,” said Crockford. For her the National Security Agency’s activities have been changing the fundamentals of American society.

“You can’t have a democratic society in which the government is constantly monitoring everyone because it shows political speech and runs contrary to every democratic value,” said Crockford.

However, the Heritage Foundation, a public policy think tank, thinks the government is doing the right thing in surveilling the internet to prevent hackers from stealing and destroying information.

“Since everything from the military systems to smartphones has become linked to the Internet, the number of bad actors seeing to attack or steal from those targets has increased dramatically,” said a 2014 study by the Heritage Foundation, “Hackers compromise, steal, or destroy hundred of billions of dollars in intellectual property and real money, as well as accessing critical military secrets from the United States, every year.”

But some see the benefit to both sides.

“I don’t support or believe in what they are [the government] doing but I can understand why they’re doing it” said Daisy Guzman, development and communications associate at St. Mary’s Center for Women and Children in Boston.

“I wish they had a different approach and strategy in finding these potential terrorist and criminals and that they didn’t have to involve investigating innocent people,” said Guzman in an interview.

The debate over these issues can even spark a division between mother and daughter while registering for college in Boston.

“In a way he [Snowden] had a right to reveal the information but in a way no, because it made a major problem,” said Amy Sevigny. But her mother disagreed to an extent.

“Snowden is not a traitor, [but] he betrayed his country” said Kimberlee Sevigny. “There’s safety and then there’s just pushing the line.”

But how much personal information are businesses and civilians able to dig up?
Amy Sevigny says, “When someone is applying for a job the company has a right to run a background check, but the NSA has no reasoning to it.”

Hacking Into the Future of Media

Participants in a recent Hackathon at MIT. (Courtesy Matt Carroll, Hacks/Hackers)

By Quinn Brinn

On a busy Boston morning, fast walking people stride right past newsstands, loaded with stacks of neatly folded, untouched newspapers, with their eyes focused intently on the screens of their cell phones. This scene is characteristic of what many have dubbed “the decline of the newspaper industry.”

The “decline,” which refers specifically to drops in newsprint prices and circulation, is caused largely by the increasing number of people who are switching out their print newspapers for the more convenient option of reading the news on the internet. This switch from print to digital is especially popular among younger people.

“I really just check the internet to read the news,” said Haralambos Exarhopulous, 18.

The increasing popularity of digital news is evident in Boston’s newspaper sales. Digital subscription has caused Boston Globe circulation to rise substantially despite the decline of print subscription. According to figures from the Alliance for Audited Media from March 2013, the Boston Globe’s weekday circulation was 245,572 in March 2013, with digital subscriptions.
Although the print subscription count, at 172,048, is still higher than the digital subscription count, print subscriptions were actually down by 12.2 percent from six months prior, while digital subscription rose 32.8 percent.

The reason behind this is that print newspapers have become outdated as new technological developments have made accessing news via the internet far more convenient, and often less expensive. Computers, smartphones, and mobile news apps are starting to turn ink and paper into things of the past.

The decline of print newspapers is augmented by new innovative attempts to further digitalize media.

Matt Carroll, a researcher at the MIT Center for Civic Research and former Boston Globe editor, has been working to bring the two worlds of media and technology together.

“I understood how important technology was becoming to media,” said Carroll. “I had a foot in each world. I also knew technologists who were interested in media, and I knew the two places must meet.”

So, in June, 2010, Carroll started a Boston chapter of the international group Hacks/Hackers. Hacks/Hackers educates journalists about media technology, and technologists about media.

“Hacks/Hackers was a way to get technologists and journalists together under the same roof,” said Carroll.

Hacks/Hackers organizes these networks to help these innovators “rethink the future of news and information,” as the organization’s official website reads. One way Hacks/ Hackers attempts to go about this is through Hackathons.

Hackathons are events, typically lasting one or several days, during which technologists and journalists collaborate to pitch ideas for new mobile apps and then create apps based off of those ideas. A recent hackathon in Cambridge aimed to “reinvent mobile news,” and the technologists and journalists who participated successfully created new mobile apps that “hint where news might be headed.”

The trend of technological advances in media shows no signs of stopping, and as technology continues to advance and bring media communication to new heights, don’t expect those fast walking people to look away from their phone screens to the newsstand anytime.

Culture Spreading Through the City

salsa

By Roxana J. Martinez

The sound of salsa music could be heard a block away, booming from somewhere farther up the street, interwoven with loud laughter and excited shouting. A few steps more down the street and one would see the park behind the Blackstone Community Center in the midst of a Salsa gala.

The event, Salsa in the Park, was created in order to decrease youth crime within the neighborhood by employing young people in order to keep them off the street. The popular event, held every Monday on West Brookline Street in the South End, can gather up to 500 people.

The numbers, however, aren’t the most astounding part of the story. It’s what is actually going on in the park that is truly captivating.

As salsa music pours through the speakers, accompanied by grooves from maracas, bongos and congas alike, a flood of people take to the floors to dance. Yet, for the predominantly Hispanic neighborhood, a spectrum of different races joined in the celebration. For every person who was Hispanic, there was another person who was white, Asian, or African American. Pairings consisted of partners of different races, and of all age ranges — even children were dipping their partners when the music called for it.

“Salsa has become a ballroom,” says Sandra Marcelino, while manning a table selling merchandise to promote the celebration. Salsa has become a gateway for connecting different types of people, and bringing them to one single place for the same reason.

“I think the diversity makes it so special,” Marcelino added.

A popular form of dancing embedded with roots that are especially deep within Puerto Rico and Cuba, the influence that salsa holds in this part of the South End is a strong example of how Boston seems to be starting to embrace the culture of its minorities.

Boston, a city that is famous for the pride it has in its Irish-Catholic ancestry, is quickly becoming a ground in which different backgrounds are coming together. There will always be a St. Patrick’s Day Parade, but other festivities, such as the Puerto Rican Festival, the Cape Verdean Festival, and the Caribbean Carnival Festival are gathering more attention from the public.

As the diversity blooms, smaller examples of it can be seen just walking down the streets of the South End. One may see a pizzeria, a Chinese restaurant, a Caribbean restaurant, a Dominican owned barbershop, or ironically, a Hispanic corner market right across the street from a Starbucks.

What does this mean for Boston? As the Hub is expanding, and not just in terms of construction or population, the types of people here are expanding as well, causing it to be richer to see and be a part of.

Marcelino said it best as she looked over at the flurry of mixed faces and bodies, all moving to the same music from where she resided: “This is a great landscape for what Boston is.”

Menino, Walsh: A Comparison of Philosophies

Boston Mayor Marty Walsh.

By Ming Ying

Former Boston Mayor Tom Menino.

Former Boston Mayor Tom Menino.

A modern “common man” not unlike his predecessor, Boston Mayor Marty Walsh provides Boston with a new face of leadership while preserving much of the legacy of Thomas Menino, who served as mayor for decades before retiring his post last year.

Just as Menino made up for whatever he lacked in youth with wisdom, Walsh compensates for his limited experience as mayor with blue-collar, down-to-the-streets smarts. In a bustling hub vibrant with rapid transformation, it is important to examine how Walsh’s philosophies, and those of like-minded progressive City Councilors, compare to Menino’s – and what those differences will mean for the city of Boston.

Boston-born and Boston-bred, Menino and Walsh share a hearty sense of Boston sensibility. Walsh’s self-described passion comes from within – at age 7, he survived a form of cancer known as Burkitt’s Lymphoma. To this day, he has been sober for 18 years. Menino seeks guidance in his idols, such as personal hero President Harry Truman, whose portrait hung sternly above his desk.

What relates the two men most of all, says Tim McCarthy, current City Councilor, is their shared “true love for the city…you’ve got to love what you’re doing to do a 24/7 job.”

Despite their difference in personality, the two mayors have clear commonalities. Take their stance on marriage equality. Walsh, who refused to attend the St. Patrick’s Day parade due to its ban on openly gay marchers, is reminiscent of Menino, who opposed the opening of Chick-fil-A restaurants in Boston due to the chain’s anti-gay sentiment.

“So much of our Irish history has been shaped by the fight against oppression,” Walsh said, according to the Huffington Post, a statement hand-in-hand with Menino’s support of the gay and lesbian community.

In fact, Walsh’s administration appears a confident continuation of Menino’s 20-year reign, a reign which echoes pro-charter school, pro-urban development, and anti-gun sentiment. Under both men, the expansion of charter schools gained traction, public works projects such as the expansion of the Mass Pike flourished, and gun control tightened.

So is Boston headed in a new path under Walsh, or is he steering Boston in the course laid out by his predecessor?

One of the of the most striking differences is a deviation in leadership style. Walsh, following suit with his persona of an approachable, friendly guy, aims to create a hands-off, inviting City Hall, while Menino, though cordial, carries the reputation as an intensive micromanager.

“My background has been in coaching and managing for 25 years,” says McCarthy. “Menino has more of a coaching style…that philosophy works for me. Marty’s philosophy is more team-based.”

For now, Walsh’s moderate form of leadership seems to be working. His track record as a longtime union member and leader shows that he is capable of creating unity and resolving labor disputes before they escalate into strikes.

Furthermore, driving Walsh’s administration forward is a new generation of City Councilors known as progressives, intent on instilling improvements for the city of Boston. Led by Walsh, a progressivist himself, Councilors such as Michelle Wu and McCarthy are carving changes for Boston in areas such as permitting, zoning, and city services.

“I see the government as the best place to help people,” said Wu. “I want to take down barriers for families with limited means.”

But as for the remainder of Walsh’s four-year term, we are barely peeking through the keyhole. While vast projects and hurdles lie ahead, Wu is optimistic. “What I love about Boston is that we are a city of resources and neighborhoods,” she said. “We have the tools to solve every problem. It’s a matter of connecting the dots.”

New Goals Established in Mass. Schools

(Wikimedia Commons)

By Marcos Hernandez
Every year, while students finish their last days of school before summer break, administrators start work towards development for the New Year. They reflect on their current system and take any necessary actions to move it forward.

“Change is happening, and we must continue to make improvements,” said Jacqueline Reis, a spokeswoman for the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education in Massachusetts.

Priorities are shifting toward the integration of technology, higher-class standards, and turning around underperforming schools, she said.

“Everything that we’re trying to do is to make sure there is strong teaching and learning going on in the classrooms because that’s the most important thing,” said Reis.

Administrators use certain criteria to distinguish a bad school from a good school. This includes analyzing low graduation rates, quality of teachers, and funding for low performing schools.

Schools are classified from levels one to five, with five being considered the worst. With level four schools, they qualify for financial assistance from the government, along with the state monitoring progress. “You have to file turnaround plans, usually replace the principal, all at level four, and you’re given three years to show significant improvement,” said Reis.

A lack of resources and the amount of money invested per student are factors that contribute to slower development. In 2012, the cost per student in Boston was $17,283, while Worcester’s was $13,489.

A community’s economic background can influence the materials schools can afford. “A lot of people in Worcester don’t have a lot of money and don’t want to pay a lot of taxes,” explains Reis.

Students like Nora Cameron, rising senior at Boston Latin School, agree these rules can raise the bar on standards nationwide, leading to higher test scores. “Kids can be assessed more fairly and equally,” said Cameron.

There are also new plans regarding bullying, and changes in school culture about this issue. “We’ll develop a survey to be administered to students every four years to assess overall school climates, and the severity of bullying to better determine measures needed to prevent it,” said Reis.

Reis mentioned that she deals with setting academic standards for districts, but any issues students have can be solved through student initiative. “We get letters from classes here, and we do listen. I think no matter what age you are, you should feel free to write to whoever about any issues you have,” said Reis.

Other changes in schools revolve around technology, and the increased integration of electronics in the classroom. This is to accommodate the newer generation of students seeking modern ways to learn.

“We’re hoping that by having high standards, teachers will teach those high standards, and students will feel challenged,” said Reis.

Boston Seeing a Transformation

Construction site of the Millennium Tower at Downtown Crossing is ongoing. (Photo by Jordan Gauthier)

By Jordan Gauthier

The rugged red cobblestones. Shoppers carrying bags from Filene’s. Window shopping for the best department store deals. The intricate architecture. For many, that’s the essence of Downtown Crossing. But soon, what many know and love about this area will undergo a major transformation- a rising 53 story tower that will change the way people view the heart of the city.

This is one of the numerous efforts to revamp old Boston. The Millennium Tower Apartments at Downtown Crossing, the addition to Copley Plaza, as well as an addition to the Boston Garden, are just few of many. The newly elected Mayor Martin Walsh is now leading the process of transforming the face of the city, a shift from former Mayor Tom Menino, who for decades strove to balance the hub’s historical character with technological and cultural development.

New construction spurs job growth, and generates further revenue to the city in the form of property taxes.

Residents proposed an Innovation District that would shape the flow of ideas in belief that this type of concept would improve the city.

“The idea of an Innovation District is more the future for Boston, but hopefully will bring new profits to the city as well as creating more affordable housing,” said Boston Municipal Research Bureau President Sam Tyler.

The big question is how will this city keep a balance of history and new development.
“A lot of what was traditional business has changed,” Tyler explained.

He added that Boston has started to lose its puritanical roots, notably from longer work hours and later transportation.

Some may think that Paul Revere and John Quincy Adams would be spinning in their graves seeing Chipotle sitting next to the Old Meeting House, a place where important debates and decisions for the city would occur, but moving forward may be highly profitable.

Walsh has not been in office long enough to compare his ideas to Menino’s.

“Menino served for 20 years and went through the worst recession, steering the city through tough times,” Tyler added.

Tyler said that Walsh will continue the policies that Menino implemented as well as pursuing his own plans to revitalize Boston.

Downtown Crossing may be set for completion by 2016. This course of transitioning may be hard for some residents, but the acceptance to move forward is necessary, but some feel it could be beneficial in the long run.

“This change could improve the downtown economy, especially by bringing in new business and foot traffic,” said local shopper Doris Dufor. “Although it’s hard to adapt to change sometimes, in this case seeing our old Downtown Crossing become modernized, it’s still a positive venture along with a positive impact for professional and commercial development and our future generation.”

“Inevitably, with this large scale development, the city will invite a new generation of Bostonians to be the heartbeat of Downtown crossing,” said Marblehead resident Diane Glavin. “They will start to populate the residences, work in the offices and socialize in the restaurants.”

Construction worker surveys site of Millennium Tower. (Photo by Jordan Gauthier)

Construction worker surveys site of Millennium Tower. (Photo by Jordan Gauthier)

Wally’s Jazz Cafe Defies Gentrification

Wally's, an historic jazz spot in Boston's South End. (Photo courtesy Wally's Cafe)

By Sylvie Stoloff

The South End on a Saturday night can be summed up in one word: bustling. Chic new restaurants spring up frequently along the trendy streets of Tremont and Washington, attracting the city’s most adventurous young adult crowd with candlelit outdoor seating and valet parking.

But a few blocks away, a different kind of crowd forms a queue along Massachusetts Avenue, lining up outside the entrance to the ground level of a residential brownstone. From inside it drift the smooth, nostalgic melodies of jazz, echoing a seemingly forgotten era of South End history–the era when this very street was the hub of a vibrant and nationally-renowned jazz scene.

This venue is none other than Wally’s Jazz Cafe, one of the oldest family owned and operated jazz clubs in existence, and the first African-American owned nightclub in New England, according to jazzboston.org. It has featured the great legends of jazz music–Charlie Parker, Art Blakey, even Billie Holiday.

Founded in 1947 by Barbadian immigrant Joseph L. Walcott, Wally’s is now run by his daughter Elynor Walcott with the help of her three sons.

However, Wally’s is now known not only for its musical accomplishments, but for a distinction slightly bittersweet: it is considered the last remainder of the South End’s jazz heydey. On a street once dominated by the strong cultural presence of dozens of similar jazz clubs, Wally’s now stands alone as the only extant club to have witnessed Boston’s jazz scene at its peak.

It thrives now as a testament to the survival of a cultural element that has been pushed aside at the expense of urban development.

Wally’s is no doubt a central part of its neighborhood’s past, which it increasingly resembles as the neighborhood undergoes demographic shifts. The South End was once the heart of Boston’s black community. As of 2010, however, the neighborhood was 49.5% white, according to Census records. And while it still remains relatively diverse, an increase in its white population and simultaneous decrease in black residents points to an influx of the loaded term “gentrification,” especially since the population of whites in Boston as a whole has declined during the same time period. Rising property values correspond to these changes.

This gentrification is reflected in the neighborhood’s culture, as exemplified by the current conversion of two historically Black churches into luxury condos.

Yet Wally’s manages to keep its portion of the South End’s history alive.

“Wally’s hasn’t changed, only the neighborhood has,” said owner Elynor Walcott. Although the clientele has changed, she added, Wally’s is still “quite a landmark.”

“People who were born and raised here who come back home, they look for Wally’s, and it’s always there,” she said.

Walcott attributes this success to her family’s ties to the neighborhood.

“The people that own and operate it were born into it and raised up into it,” she says. “That’s one factor that has kept Wally’s here.”

In 2011, the Walcotts were honored with the Jazz Journalists Association’s “Jazz Heroes Award,” presented to advocates of jazz who have had “significant impact in their local communities.”

Wally’s was commended for providing young musicians the opportunity to play at this self-proclaimed “musicians’ training ground,” which has played a large role in integrating the South End community.

“Wally’s is an important link between the academic world and the real world,” said Eric Gould, chair of Jazz Composition at the Berklee College of Music. “The location and affordability of Wally’s remove the cost barriers that often make jazz inaccessible to communities.”

And Wallys’ community is thankful for that. Recently, musician Warren Wolf released a track called “427” after Wallys’ address, in honor of the place where he, and many before him, got his start.

Is Boston Ready to Enter the Games?

olympics

By Allana Barefield

Imagine spirits are high. Voices fill the arena and carry over to the streets. Cheers get louder and the crowd goes wild. The torch enters the arena. Excitement is building. The buzz of achievement is in the air.

Boston is a contender to host the Summer Olympic Games in 2024. However, there is competition on this “short list” released earlier this month. Like all venues trying to host, Boston is convinced it can host a show of a lifetime.

“The Commonwealth is thinking big and acting big and the world is taking note,” said Gov. Deval Patrick after the announcement.

Before Boston can make history it has to overcome some obstacles, including space, finances, transportation issues and public opinion.

“While promising, this is the first step in a very long process,” Mayor Marty Walsh said in a Fox News interview . He said Boston residents, businesses, and community and neighborhood groups would be engaged in the process.

Boston is going up against the toughest in the game, and must win to light the torch for its first-ever Olympic game. The other venues on the list are Washington, D.C., Los Angeles, and San Francisco.

“Why shouldn’t we be in the hunt for this?” said Pat Moscritolo, head of the Greater Boston Tourism Board. “It’s not why have them, it’s why not.” Moscritolo said the city has the capability, and if it shows the determination then it will be all set.

Asked if the city has enough space to build an Olympic Village on the site of the Bayside Expo Center in Dorchester, Amelia Orozoo said, “Not in this area.” The 45-year Dorchester resident lives near the expo center, where 16,000 athletes would be housed.

A city construction worker near the expo agreed. “I don’t think the city is big enough” said Mike Poole.

But Robert Campbell, a three-year Dorchester resident from Jamaica, had a different outlook. He said it was a good idea to have the Olympics in Boston, that it might even stop the violence. “I hate the violence. I will tell you the truth, it hurts me” said Campbell.

On the issue of transportation, Xiu Jue Lu, an exchange student at the University of Massachusetts-Boston, weighed in. Xiu said she is “worried about the public transportation. The train we take is not new, needs some polish.”

Joe Pesaturo, director of communications for the MBTA, said the T “is not involved in any efforts to bring the Olympics to Boston.”

The London 2012 Olympics cost a total of $14.6 billion, according to the Oct. 24, 2012, issue of The Guardian, one of London’s newspapers. It came in more than $4 billion over the final operating budget.

Liam Kerr, co-chairman of No Boston Olympics, pointed to cost after Boston made the shortlist. He called the project “a $15 billion hangover.”

It is unclear how much a Boston Olympics could cost taxpayers. The federal government does help out in paying a percentage of the Games. ABC News reported that the federal government gave Atlanta $609 million for the 1996 Summer Olympics. The Games cost the city a total of $2 billion, the report said.

Until an Olympic city is named, the issues of cost, location and transportation are still up in the air. However, for Boston resident Alex Murray, the city is already a winner.

“It’s a city that has lived up to its title ‘Boston Strong,’” Murray said.

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